How does a company Jewelry important on the eve of World War II?
The Nazis believed in the existence of a superior race (theirs of course) called Aryan.
Neologism Aryanization means complete expropriation of the Jews in Germany and Austria during
the period of Nazism, and by extension the looting suffered by Jews throughout Europe including France occupied during the Holocaust.
I have already addressed some of the subject:
But for such an important issue, it is necessary to have all the evidence, I found it on Internet the existence of a file on the Aryanization Van Cleef, he was at the Holocaust memorial.
the bottom completely microfilmed now consults microfilm room of Caran, microfilm files are even free access (see the details of room size in inventories in the Caran AJ/38/2 reference).
Hundreds of pages are not always easy.
For the record, the National Archives where I found some nice people offered me this formula advising me to go to the archives of Avignon to read it, but! their machines are not the same template that you sent me the microfilm, photocopies not possible and has nearly 500 pages to copy hand ?????
But the people I had contact in the Memorial of the Shoah were equally friendly, nothing to do with the archives of the Ministry of Defence .(Move you're looking for on the spot!)
And I received a few days ago from the Shoah Memorial this 18-page document.
On this record (above) Memorial, color blue, there are also all involved in this
Aryanization: The Mistress, the one that had the most shares (the soul of this house from the report) Rachel Renee Van Cleef, widow Powerful.
Roman's first director. Jules Arpels, Louis Arpels, Solomon (known as Charles) in all three Arpels leakage United States. Count Paul Leseleuc buyer of the company Aryan Alfred Langlois, foreman Langlois house which was absorbed by the company Van Cleef in 1/7/1932.
For those who would like more information on the Aryanization
Rachel/Renee Puissant trong will now find itself alone to prepare this Aryanization (his cousins who fled to USA) because she'll realize it before we ask him, because it certainly was aware of what happened in Germany in 1938.
The Germans quickly realized that this was Aryanization "holes", the "inaccuracies" of "errors" etc., to the point that from the first sentences written report:
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The cascades of numbers contained in this report are less interesting than what we can learn about corporate life.
Thus there was a company in London and one in New York, a U.S. company.
In 1939 it employed up to 20 vendors and 30 people in offices, and in 1940 the number of people employed in the occupied zone is 17.
Capital in 1939 was 3 million francs, up two-thirds for the latest and Arpels
third for "Mrs. Strong, daughter of the late Van Cleef, all Jews" as such in the text. The four are managers.
Above the turnover from 1937 to 1939.
The shares of the company were sold to the Earl of Leseleuc Kerouara 100fr then the price of their value rating is 1000frs
For various reasons the capital was three million francs was reduced to two million.
Mr de Léséleuc acquires 1520 shares, his cousin Mr. Ayme 462 shares and members of staff, 18 shares which is 2000 shares.
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The lawyer what Dr. Blanke THA starts scratching his head.
March 24, 1941 the four managers were replaced by De Leseleuc, Havard, Ayme, and Turck.
A first director Mr Roman is appointed, but it is replaced and its inability to place the authority German, I mean the German authority, appoint Mr. Rene Bry on 04/25/1941: For the occupied area is Mr. Desjardins du Cannet (06).
The Germans are a very serious and detailed analysis on acquisitions and share the value of the background trade and if they find that the amounts drawn on the matter are greater than the benefit they however, decide to stick to balance sheet figures.
They believe that we can assess the fund as is customary, three times the annual profit and think that
Do that at the third estimate of goodwill in normal times, 4.600.000frs.
It is learned that the Securities Group A the company consist mainly of industrial stocks English!
Reason to 1.656.000frs
and those of group B amounting to 3,144,000 francs were swept away by Jules Arpels in New York and is for this reason that the account has been debited from Jules.
Bank balances totaled 2.474.000frs mainly in the amount of 2.200.000frs to Westminster
Foreign Bank in Paris.
The accountant and the administrator Mr. Bry have stated that the Treuhand said Charles Solomon Arpels was completely insolvent.
For inventories of goods that is more complicated, because as the report notes on page 8, it seems there has never been at Van Cleef and Arpels accounting material, or kept on the books stock of goods.
When they bought the stock of diamonds gems, although they were recorded on the books, but without specifying a date or date of exit.
The jewelry purchases were not recorded but only the Place Vendome in the workshop Langlois.
According to the provisional administrator Rene Bry who at the time was jeweler manufacturer Saint Anne, the price of Gold rose from 1/9/1939 to 80 at 33frs40 to 100fr gram of 06 to 08/1940, and yet ... the official!
Because it was to find 260frs. Meanwhile gemstones increased by 150% in 1942 it was 10 to 12 times more than in peacetime.
So the excuse given by the buyers who see the jewels are "obsolete" does not agreed to Treuhand, which considered that wages represent about 24% of the price of jewelry, Plue gain on Contents ridiculed that explanation.
Similarly, the Treuhand was surprised that after Aryanization, there are only 3.724.000frs merchandise in Paris and remained in the occupied zone 53.740.000frs.
Doubts they appear on the presence of these stocks in Vichy, the Treuhand was not wrong because we have since learned that the goods had passed by Vichy, but had joined the United States.
It is important however to read about this report that the "jewels are not made to the company same "
The firm Van Cleef or designer drew sketches of the jewels and ornaments were made to Workshop A. Langlois & Co. 243 rue Saint Martin in Paris
"This workshop, which still occupied in early 1940 about 60 skilled workers is recorded (written and
in the text) in the commercial register as limited liability company with capital of 50.000frs.
The workshop should last 20 years working exclusively for the firm Van Cleef and Arpels. The contract between the workshop and principal could be presented to us, despite repeated requests and must be in possession of the former owners either Vichy or New York. The shares of the LLC have owned up
Armistice brothers Arpels and economically the workshop and the firm Van Cleef and Arpels are roughly identical. Currently the company is headed by Mr. Lee and his daughter. Ms Lee is also used Van Cleef & Arpels as a saleswoman at a rate of 1% of turnover.
Upon Aryanization Van Cleef & Arpels, the same buyers, Earl of Leseleuc and his cousin Mr. Ayme, Bought the 400 shares of the LLC Jewish. "
And counsel for the firm, Mr Lepeltier said during an interview before already, large quantities of gold and precious stones have disappeared from the shop and he thinks that the 10 kgs of gold and stones Fines are in Vichy or New York.
If they remained in Vichy, what happened to these materials at the death of Rachel Renee Powerful?
What happened as jewelry in stock at Vichy, papers of Jewelry? etc.?
If Rachel was so alone, as to be buried at Vichy in the common grave, or have passed all these are?
I follows from this German study, doubts about the destination of precious materials, jewelry, s cash, gold etc..
To the Germans they doubt that Jules Arpels has taken everything in the U.S. and believe that the 4 managers will shared property.
This opinion is closer to the words of Louis Arpels Maurice Chevalier, who says in one of his books.
I already explained that Louis Arpels ship and arrived in first class, and apparently with funds
The same report of the Treuhand, said the Count of Leseleuc Kerouara had a very good position,
The report notes that he was raised in England and that his fortune amounted to about 10 million francs and the Germans think he easily took over its own funds the sum dde 152.000frs to buy Units.
His cousin is also wealthy Mr. Ayme.
But the Germans were surprised that he put money in this case and it does not put a man confidence to lead VCA.
They also find that acquirers are not business as happened during other Aryanization.They are sure that they really paid shares and we suggest that the Aryans were the best buyers possible references in Germany, but they were unable to respond to the situation or walk the company.
Treuhand und Revisionsstelle surprised that most of the stock is party elsewhere and Vichy is not return after the armistice, especially when Mr. De Leseleuc of Kerouara took over the business.
Why take a case with the balance of CHF 67.9 million of stock and did find that 3.7 in Paris million francs, while remaining in occupied more than 60 million?
THA found that too many circumstances go against the sincerity of the Aryanization and does not give its approval.
It can be seen in short is a sale and repurchase agreements with all stakeholders had confidence practically some in the outcome of the conflict.
It is June 1942, Rachel Renee is going to die in December, défenestrée of his room at the hotel Queen's Vichy, Colonel Roberto Bucciéro say that his body was covered with tires and burned (his nephew
famous Italian senator has received my letters but does not answer what he knows) archives
Vichy had apparently disappeared from the French side as the German side!
This should fix a lot of people, it's a secret that persists! who knows? Maybe one day?
Some days after the liberation of Paris, Claude Arpels will regain control of the company, In October 1944 this letter??
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Surprising, but I may be missing information??
And no less surprising, the header of this letter below, and how this company can get paid Arpels
monies owed to the company Van Cleef & Arpels?
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But looking good registration in the commercial register!
The company existed from 15/01/1906 until 31/01/1946, it is true that there is more to Van Cleef, yet to new products other than jewelry appear under the name Van Cleef!
Many other businesses were actually sold by force and have not had that chance. I even found a sausage company that had major equipment and everything was new, and within that al file Aryanization, there are proposals from colleagues (French strains of "Aryan") who fight to buy cheap and whoever wins the contract is a cannery that is still important fiscal 2011.
I attach to this dossiern balance of 1939 should add the digits of the Workshop Langlois.
Comptabilté that was simple in 1939!